is it haram

Is It Haram to Abort a Disabled Baby? Ethical and Religious Perspectives

Introduction: Basic Understanding of ‘Haram’

‘Is It Haram to Abort a Disabled Baby?’ is a question raised by many people – especially in Islamic societies where religious authenticity forms the basis of major life decisions. The term ‘Haram’ is a strong Arabic word, which translates to ‘forbidden’ or ‘prohibited.’ The sphere of actions and activities labeled as ‘Haram’ in Islam is stretched to elements that challenge the moral, religious, and ethical fabric of a human being.

is it haram
is it haram why

Ethical Perspective on Abortion of a Disabled Baby

From the lens of secular ethics, a person’s right to make decisions about their body is central. However, the ethical perspective on aborting a disabled baby isn’t entirely linked to personal choice. It frames into a larger discussion about disability rights, normality, respect for human life, and how society views disability altogether. The ethics of aborting a disabled fetus are complex, as they prompt reflections on what is valued in human life.

Religious Perspective about Aborting a Disabled Baby

In certain religions, including Islam, life is considered sacred, and aborting a child, disabled or not, comes with spiritual consequences. According to most Islamic scholars, fetus abortion is only accepted under certain circumstances, such as when the mother’s life is in danger due to the pregnancy.

is it haram
is it haram why

In the case of a disabled fetus, diverse interpretations exist across various Islamic sects, but the common point is that mere disability isn’t considered a valid reason for abortion. As, according to Quran and Hadiths, every life has a purpose and meaning, irrespective of physical or intellectual ability.

Interplay of Ethics and Religion on the Matter

The decision to abort a disabled baby clashes between ethics and religion. Ethically, disability shouldn’t dictate the worth of a life. In turn, this implies that aborting a fetus due to disability reduces their value based on the societal definition of normal. On the religious front, Islam, like most religions, highly appreciates the sanctity of life. Therefore, aborting, especially based on disability, can largely be considered Haram.

is it haram
is it haram why

Conclusion: Inclusion and Advocacy against Discrimination

Islam has always promoted inclusion and kindness to all beings. Individuals with disabilities aren’t any less valuable, and therefore, their rights, including the right to life, should be upheld. It is crucial to advocate against discriminatory practices of aborting disabled fetuses and to emphasize the sanctity of life in all its forms and conditions. To answer the question, ‘Is It Haram to Abort a Disabled Baby?’- it is indeed Haram if based on disability alone. Yet, situational complexities and particularities may call upon scholars to make context-specific decisions.

Faqs about “is it haram to abort a disabled baby”




Is it haram to abort a disabled baby in Islam?

In general, Islam prohibits abortion after the soul has been blown into the fetus, which is believed to happen on the 120th day of gestation. However, with regards to a disabled baby, it depends on the severity and certainty of the disability and the potential harm to the mother. It is advisable to consult with knowledgeable scholars for specific cases.

When does the soul enter the fetus according to Islam?

According to a Hadith (saying of the Prophet Muhammad), the soul is believed to enter the fetus at 120 days (or roughly 4 months) of gestation.

Are there exceptions to the prohibition of aborting a disabled baby?

Yes, there can be exceptions under dire circumstances, such as when the mother’s life is in danger or the baby has a severe disability that guarantees a short, painful life. Individual rulings may vary depending on the situation.

Is it morally wrong to abort a baby with a severe disability?

Ethical opinions vary greatly on this issue. Some people believe that it is morally acceptable to prevent a person from leading a life filled with suffering, while others believe all life is sacred. In Islam, the decision would be made based on the teachings and principles of the religion.

What should parents do if they learn that their unborn baby has a disability?

The first step is to seek medical and religious advice. Speak to medical professionals about the potential quality of life for the baby, and seek guidance from Islamic scholars to understand the religious perspective.

Is it a sin to abort a baby with Down syndrome?

In Islam, the decision to abort due to a condition like Down syndrome would need careful consideration. It is often advised to consult with knowledgeable Islamic scholars who can provide guidance based on the specifics of the situation.

What does Islam say about disabilities?

In Islam, people with disabilities are regarded with deep empathy and respect. They are considered as test from God and society is expected to show them support and care. Islam does not view disability as a form of punishment.

What is the Islamic perspective on quality of life?

Quality of life from an Islamic perspective is about more than just physical health. It includes spiritual, psychological, and emotional well-being, as well as the ability to fulfill one’s roles and responsibilities within society.

Is there a specific Islamic ruling on aborting a baby with a terminal illness?

There isn’t a specific universal fatwa (Islamic ruling) on this as it can depend on several factors, including the stage of pregnancy, the certainty of the diagnosis, and the potential suffering of the child. Consulting with knowledgeable scholars is often recommended.

Is it haram to have prenatal testing to find out if the baby might have a disability?

Prenatal testing itself is not considered haram in Islam, as it can prepare parents for potential challenges and allow them to seek early treatment for the baby. However, using these tests with the intention to abort based on the results is a sensitive issue that should be discussed with a knowledgeable scholar.



Surah Yaseen is a beautifully composed chapter in the Quran that holds immense spiritual importance for Muslims. It is often referred to as the "Heart of the Quran" due to its deep spiritual meanings and messages. The Surah starts with the Arabic letters "Ya Seen," and its verses are filled with divine wisdom and guidance for humanity.
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