is it haram

Is It Haram to Keep a Dog Outside? The Controversy Surrounding Outdoor Dog Ownership.

Is It Haram to Keep a Dog Outside? The Controversy Surrounding Outdoor Dog Ownership


Keeping a dog as a pet is a common practice in many cultures around the world. However, for Muslims, there is a controversy surrounding the issue of whether it is haram (forbidden) to keep a dog outdoors.

is it haram
is it haram why

The Islamic Perspective

In Islam, dogs are often considered impure, and there are specific guidelines on how to handle them. Some scholars argue that keeping a dog outside is haram because it exposes the individual to the impurities associated with dogs. They believe that it is better to keep the dog indoors, where the impurities can be more easily controlled.

is it haram
is it haram why

The Controversy

While some scholars condemn keeping a dog outside as haram, others argue that it is permissible as long as certain conditions are met. They believe that if the dog is kept outside in a clean and sanitary environment, it does not pose a threat to an individual’s purity and can be considered acceptable.

Furthermore, those in favor of outdoor dog ownership argue that dogs are sentient beings and require exercise and fresh air. Keeping them locked indoors all the time may not be ideal for their physical and mental well-being.


In conclusion, the controversy surrounding outdoor dog ownership in Islam continues to exist. While some believe it is haram to keep a dog outside due to concerns of impurity, others argue that it can be permissible under certain conditions. Ultimately, it is important for Muslims to consult with knowledgeable scholars and adhere to their personal beliefs and interpretations.

is it haram
is it haram why

Faqs about “is it haram to keep a dog outside”

Is it haram to keep a dog outside?

According to Islamic teachings, it is not haram (forbidden) to keep a dog outside. However, there are certain guidelines and conditions to be followed. Dogs should be kept in a clean and suitable environment, provided with proper food and water, and not exposed to harm or extreme weather conditions. Additionally, Muslims should avoid direct contact with dogs, as they are considered impure, and perform the necessary rituals of purification if they do come into contact.

Can I keep a dog outside for protection?

Yes, it is permissible to keep a dog outside for protection purposes, as long as the dog is treated well, provided with basic needs, and not subjected to any form of abuse or neglect. Islamic teachings emphasize kindness and compassion towards animals, including dogs.

Should dogs be kept in specific areas outside the house?

It is recommended to allocate a specific area or space outside the house for keeping a dog. This allows for better management, cleanliness, and reduces the chances of the dog wandering off or causing inconvenience. The designated area should be secure, comfortable, and suitable for the dog’s well-being.

Are there any special considerations for keeping a dog outside during extreme weather conditions?

Yes, it is important to provide appropriate shelter and protection for a dog kept outside during extreme weather conditions. Adequate shelter from heat, cold, rain, or snow must be provided to ensure the dog’s safety and well-being. Taking necessary precautions is part of being responsible for the animal’s care.

Is it necessary to clean the outdoor area where a dog is kept?

Yes, it is necessary to regularly clean the outdoor area where a dog is kept to maintain hygiene and prevent the accumulation of waste or unpleasant odors. Cleanliness is essential for the dog’s health and the overall environment.

Is it permissible to have a dog inside the house?

In general, having a dog inside the house is discouraged in Islamic teachings, as dogs are considered impure. However, if there is a valid reason such as medical assistance dogs or other specific situations, it is allowed with certain conditions. Consulting with an Islamic scholar for guidance is recommended in such cases.

Is it haram to touch a dog?

Direct contact with a dog is considered impure in Islamic teachings, and Muslims are advised to avoid touching dogs unnecessarily. However, if contact is necessary due to specific circumstances, such as caring for a service dog or handling a dog for valid reasons, proper ritual purification (wudu) should be performed afterward to restore purity.

Do dogs have to be kept in separate areas from humans?

It is not mandatory to keep dogs in separate areas from humans, but it is recommended to designate specific areas or spaces for dogs, particularly if they are kept outside. This helps maintain cleanliness, prevent unwanted interactions, and provides appropriate boundaries for both dogs and humans.

Are there any specific rules for owning a dog according to Islam?

Yes, there are specific rules and guidelines for owning a dog according to Islamic teachings. Dogs should be treated with kindness and compassion, provided with necessary care and basic needs, and not subjected to abuse or neglect. Additionally, Muslims should observe the necessary rituals of cleanliness and purity if they come into contact with dogs.

What should I do if I want to keep a dog outside according to Islamic teachings?

If you want to keep a dog outside according to Islamic teachings, ensure that you provide a clean and suitable environment for the dog, provide proper food and water, and protect the dog from harm and extreme weather conditions. It is also important to avoid direct contact with the dog and perform the necessary rituals of purification if contact occurs.


Surah Yaseen is a beautifully composed chapter in the Quran that holds immense spiritual importance for Muslims. It is often referred to as the "Heart of the Quran" due to its deep spiritual meanings and messages. The Surah starts with the Arabic letters "Ya Seen," and its verses are filled with divine wisdom and guidance for humanity.
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